In Chinese it is called mei (梅) and the fruit is called meizi (梅子). If there is a flowering plant that instantly triggers an association with oriental culture, it is the plum blossom (梅花). Called maehwa-jeon (매화전, 梅花煎; "plum blossom pancake"), the pancake dish is usually sweet, with honey as an ingredient. The National Flower of the Republic of China was officially designated as the plum blossom by the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (Taiwan) on July 21, 1964. It is sweet and smooth. In East Asian cuisine (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) and Southeast Asian cuisine (Vietnamese), the fruit of the tree is used in juices, as a flavouring for alcohol, as a pickle and in sauces. [55][56][57], The Moy Yat lineage of Wing Chun kung fu uses a red plum flower blossom as its symbol. Their bark is grayish and the tree itself is fairly skinny. In China, plum wine is called méijiǔ (梅酒). DISCLAIMER: Information shown may not reflect recent changes. [64] The flower is featured on some New Taiwan dollar coins. The yabai trees are also used as grafting stock. In Taiwan, a popular 1950s innovation over the Japanese-style plum wine is the wumeijiu (烏梅酒; "smoked plum liquor"), which is made by mixing two types of plum liquor, meijiu (梅酒) made of P. mume and lijiu (李酒) made of P. salicina, and oolong tea liquor.[26]. Due to Covid-19, restaurant open hours and service may differ. [38] It is one of the "Flowers of the Four Seasons", which consist of the orchid (spring), the lotus (summer), the chrysanthemum (autumn) and the plum blossom (winter). "[35] Plum blossoms inspired many people of the era. As the plum tree can usually grow for a long time, ancient trees are found throughout China. Maehwa-cha (매화차, 梅花茶; "plum blossom tea") is made by infusing the flowers in hot water. They can be found growing naturally along forested slopes, sparse forests, along streams, and on mountains. Includes happy, lucky, longevity, successful and peace, for this meaning comes from that plum blossom have five petals and its other name in China tradition is the five blessing flower. A listing on … For the 2000 South Korean film, see. Dreams of Red Chambers often features pink-petaled trees scattered across the pages. [70] Plum blossoms were favored during the Nara period (710–794) until the emergence of the Heian period (794–1185) in which the cherry blossom was preferred. The plants themselves are a symbol of perseverance because of how they bloom in the cold winters. However, the debate is charged with nationalist currents. But I'm afraid the flowers of those other trees wouldn't presume to accept such praise. “Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by Hakka in Guangdong, China.”. Wang Junqing remarked after quoting the third and fourth line: "This is from Lin Hejing's [Lin Bu's] plum blossom poem. A byproduct of umeboshi production is umeboshi vinegar, a salty, sour condiment. In Korea, there is a 'Massil-jangajji' similar to 'Umeboshi'. In Vietnam, ripe plums are macerated in sticky rice liquor. Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). ; Ume) on Helicobacter pylori-related chronic gastritis", "The Three Friends of Winter: Paintings of Pine, Plum, and Bamboo from the Museum Collection (Introduction)", "Flower deities mark the lunar months with stories of Love & Tragedy", Int'l Plum Blossom Festival draws crowds in Nanjing, People's Daily Online -- Plum blossom, peony proposed to be national flowers, Government Information Office, Republic of China - National Flower, "The Three Friends of Winter: Paintings of Pine, Plum, and Bamboo from the Museum Collection", China Online Museum: Chinese Plum Blossom,, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 12:31.

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