2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Fishhook barrel cactus cluster near Sahuarita, Arizona. Species. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Ferocactus wislizeni, the fishhook barrel cactus, also called Arizona barrel cactus, candy barrel cactus, and Southwestern barrel cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, native to northern Mexico and the southern United States. Slowly grows up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 2-3 ft. wide (60-90 cm). This type of succulent prefers a warm climate. Native to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Mexico. Mule deer, birds, and javelina eat the fruit. Full to partial sun is the best for its growth. Older barrels can lean so far they uproot themselves and fall over, especially after heavy rains when the soil is loose. However, specimens as wide as 3 ft (0.91 m) and tall as 10 ft (3.0 m) have been recorded. Ferocactus wislizeni (Engelm.) Legal Status. They form a showy ring at the top of the plant. They are not associated with washes and arroyos but rather grow along rocky ridges and open bajadas. In adulthood, fishhook barrel cacti generally lean southward, toward the sun, earning them the nickname "compass barrel cactus." Ferocactus Wislizenii ‘Candy Barrel Cactus’ succulents need strong light. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. In urban areas, the Fishhook Barrel is valued as an ornamental plant. It ranges from 2 to 10 feet (3 m) tall, with a diameter of 18 to 33 inches (45-83 cm). The roots are quite long but very shallow. Bright yellow, red or orange flowers, 3 in. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. To use the website as intended please  J. McMeill et al. Bright yellow, red or orange flowers, 3 in. wide (7 cm), bloom sporadically in late spring and profusely in summer and early fall. Fishhook Barrel Cactus Pictures at BioImages. [3] Tradition says that the barrel cactus is a source of water for people lost without water in the desert. Ferocactus wislizeni is a cactus with a globular to cylindrical stem that grows up to 30 inches (80 cm) in diameter and up to 6.5 feet (2 m) tall. [4] It grows in gravelly or sandy soil, more commonly on bajadas than steep slopes, at 1000 to 5300 feet (300–1600 m) elevation. Stout, slow growing and long-lived (50-130 years), Fishhook Barrel Cactus provides year-round interest and looks smart paired with wildflowers in any desert garden settings. Ferocactus is a genus of large barrel-shaped cacti. Over time, Fishhook Barrel Cactus often leans towards the southwest. It is, however, frost-tolerant to 5 °F (-15 °C)[5], The flowers are pollinated by cactus bees (Lithurge spp.). (eds). We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Even so, average mortality due to fire is 50 to 67 percent within the first two years following fire.[4]. Ferocactus wislizenii (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) is a solitary, barrel-shaped to columnar cactus with 13-25 prominent ribs adorned with areoles sprouting straight and hooked spines, 1-3 in. wislizeni) Central spines 4, forming a cross, the lowermost stoutest, and often hooked, 8-10 cm long. The fruits are green when unripe, yellow after the flower dries up, and persist atop the cactus long after the flower is gone, sometimes for more than a year. It is a ball-shaped cactus eventually growing to a cylindrical shape, with spiny ribs and red or yellow flowers in summer. Rarely a mature barrel cactus is found hollowed out by javelina but overall prickly pear experience much higher levels of damage from more species. long (2-7 cm). More specifically, it can be found in southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, El Paso County, Texas and northern Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico. [2] The common name comes from the spines, which are thick and hooked. Radial spines about 12 needle- to bristle-like, to 5 cm. [3] Its life cycle is 50–100 years. US Forest Service. Ferocactus wislizenii (Fishhook Barrel Cactus) is a solitary, barrel-shaped to columnar cactus with 13-25 prominent ribs adorned with areoles sprouting straight and hooked spines, 1-3 in. long (2-7 cm). Index of Species Information. The name derives from the Latin word "ferox", meaning "fierce" and the Greek word "kaktos", meaning "thistle". [4] The Seri and O'odham eat the flowers and use the fruit, which is sour, as emergency food. There are records of the southwestern Native Americans using it for that purpose,[6] but the water contains oxalic acid and is likely to cause diarrhea if ingested on an empty stomach. It has a leathery asparagus green cortex (skin) with approximately 15-28 ribs per cactus. The fishhook barrel cactus typically grows to a diameter of roughly 2.25 ft (0.69 m) and a height of 3–6 ft (0.91–1.83 m). The flowers produce nectar and are attractive to birds. Barrel cactus spines pose an extreme hazard for handling, penetrating boots and gloves. The spines are thick and hooked. Like Sclerocactus, Ferocactus typically grows in areas where water flows irregularly or depressions where water can accumulate for short periods of time. The people of the Sonoran Desert use the fruit for candy and jelly. Some sources mistakenly spell the epithet "wislizenii." They are found in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. It is better to grow outdoor rather than indoor. Its flowers are yellow to red-orange and appear atop the cactus fruit during the summer months.

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